SOUTHERN ENGLAND Bournemouth
Southern England Bournemouth
As with so many places, the railway arriving in 1870 brought to Bournemouth a rate of growth undreamed of by the men who built the town up from what had been nothing more than a desolate, barren strip of coast when Captain Lewis Tregonwell built the first house there in 1810.
The resort grew quickly. By the 1840’s Bournemouth proprietors were quite distressed that the influential Dr Granville had totally ignored Bournemouth when writing his book Spas of England and Principal Sea Bathing Places.
Sea bathing was in vogue and the warm seas of the bay were ideal for that. Taking the cure, resting and gossiping, reading, listening to music and being cared for were what the ‘idle rich’ were looking for.
Bournemouth set out to give them all they needed and more. It is becoming ‘a very Metropolis for Bath Chairs’, one visitor soon complained. The resort was in the throes of growth.
Hotels were being built along the tops of the cliffs and in the deep wooded chines. The barber, who until 1850 had travelled across from Christchurch twice a week, now found it was worthwhile to set up shop in the town.
In 1876 the first Winter Gardens were opened, the hydraulic railway was built to run up and down the cliff-face, the hotels grew bigger and the pier came in 1861.